In the work of any electrical circuit always pays attention to its stability and quality of installation. Lighting systems, especially those located above the head, must be securely fixed in the power elements of the building and kept in them when exposed to loads of various kinds. Installation of luminaires on the ceiling, the most common method, can be divided by its use:
- at industrial, production facilities;
- in residential premises.
Features of production lighting installation
In laboratories, workshops and workshops, the light must evenly illuminate the entire workspace. Large fluorescent luminaires are often used for this purpose, which are distributed in rows at a certain height. The way they are mounted can vary. It is more convenient to fix single devices directly to the ceiling surface. However, the high height and the need to place a large number of such light sources create certain difficulties in installation and subsequent maintenance.
For this reason, a cable system, or attachment to a metal tray, is most commonly used. Manufacturers even produce special designs of rope cables and wires for such lighting installations. The easiest way to install light is to use ceiling light installation service.
Location of lighting fixtures in production halls
This method creates additional load on the walls in which the fasteners are installed. Buildings made of concrete slabs and metal frames usually have an increased margin of strength and can withstand the forces applied to them. Wall masonry made of foam blocks or bricks has features. They need to be tested for their ability to withstand the forces of a stretched rope. In general, it is better to use load-bearing columns for this purpose if possible.
A variant of rope fixing under the ceiling for installation of luminaires
There is a wall mounting plate and a tensioning device with a hook on which the rope is put. The pawning area on the wall, preferably a larger one, to distribute the load. Sometimes on a plane of a wall instead of a mortgage metal corner is established.
How to choose the right lighting equipment
In order to select light sources for your company, we recommend that you focus on the main technical requirements reflected in the regulations. The main technical requirements are summarized in the following points:
- to ensure the safety of operating personnel;
- free access to lighting equipment for the repair team;
- ensuring a normalized level of lighting;
- compliance of lighting fixtures and other lighting equipment with energy saving principles;
- ensuring the quality of light (uniformity, limitation of dark zones, absence of glare zones, exclusion of ripple);
- ease of installation and short wiring distances;
- reliable fixing, preventing accidental dropping of luminaires.
Ceilings are not very thick
The slim supporting structure of the building elements sometimes does not allow the fasteners to be installed in it at full depth. For such a ceiling, an installation based on the insertion of a fixing plate through the entire thickness of the slab and fixing it to the outer side is used. For this purpose, it is used:
- fixing hooks with swivel stops or plates;
- elongated bolts with thrust washers.
The second variant of fastening is a little bit easier, but it can be used only where there is a possibility of input of an adjusting bolt in a hole of a ceiling from the top side. This method is most often available during the construction of the building only at certain stages of construction, and after the decking on top of additional building materials this possibility is lost. If you want to do the right thing, it is better to contact handykith.com for help.